For introductory courses in Applied Entomology, Insect Pest Management, and Economic Entomology.
Ideal for students with little or no background in entomology–and those who cannot spend the time to take both a general entomology course and an applied course–this text combines, in a single volume–general principles of entomology and modern principles of insect pest management–including factual details and specific examples.
What an Insect Is.
What Entomology Is.
Relationships Between Insects and People.
Insect Pest Management.
2. Insect Structures and Life Processes.
The Insect Body.
Maintenance and Locomotion.
Sensing the Environment and Integrating Activities.
3. Insect Classification.
Objectives of Classification.
Elements of Classification.
General Classification of Insects.
Mite and Tick Classification.
4. The Insect Life Cycle.
Reproduction and Embryonic Development.
Postembryonic Growth and Development.
General Models of the Life Cycle.
Insect Seasonal Cycles.
5. Insect Ecology.
The Ecological Role of Insect Pests.
Dynamics of Insect Life Systems.
Effects of Environment on Insect Development.
Regulation of Insect Populations.
6. Surveillance and Sampling.
Sampling Units and Samples.
Sampling Techniques and Sampling Programs.
Common Sampling Techniques in Insect Pest Management.
The Sampling Program.
7. Economic Decision Levels for Pest Populations.
Concepts of Economic Levels.
Calculation of Economic Decision Levels.
Dynamics of Economic-Injury Levels.
Using Economic Levels.
8. Pest Management Theory.
Historical Highlights of Pest Technology.
The Concept of Pest Management.
Development of a Pest Management Program.
9. Management with Natural Enemies and Other Biological Agents.
Brief History of Biological Control.
The Theory Behind Classical Biological Control.
Agents of Biological Control.
The Practice of Biological Control.
10. Ecological Management of the Crop Environment.
Reducing Average Favorability of the Ecosystem.
Disrupting Continuity of Pest Requisites.
Diverting Pest Populations Away From the Crop.
Reducing the Impact of Insect Injury.
11. Conventional Insecticides for Management.
Insecticide Names and Formulas.
Survey of Common Insecticides.
Chemicals Used With Insecticides.
Insecticide Laws and Regulations.
Food Quality Protection Act.
Using Insecticides for Pest Management.
12. Managing Insects with Resistant Plants.
Insect and Host-Plant Relationships.
Mechanisms of Resistance.
Genetic Nature of Resistance.
Factors Mediating the Expression of Resistance.
Biotechnology and Resistant-Variety Development.
Successful Uses of Insect-Resistant Cultivars.
Use of Plant Resistance in Insect Pest Mangement.
13. Management by Modifying Insect Development and Behavior.
Disrupting Normal Growth and Development.
Modifying Behaviors Patterns.
14. Sterile-Insect Technique and Other Pest Genetic Tactics.
The Sterile-Insect Technique.
Other Genetic Tactics.
15. The Practice of Insect Pest Management.
Concepts of Integration.
Development of an Integrated Management Program.
Areawide Pest Technology.
Site-Specific Farming and Pest Management Practice.
16. Managing Ecological Backlash.
Resistance to Populations to Pest Management Tactics.
Pest Population Resurgence and Replacement.
Other Forms of Ecological Backlash.
17. Insect Pest Management Case Histories.
Insect Pest Management in a Low-Value Production System.
Insect Pest Management in Moderate-Value Production Systems.
Insect Pest Management in High-Value Production Systems.
Appendix 1: Key to the Orders of Insecta.
Appendix 2: List of Some Insects and Related Species Alphabetized by Common Name.
Appendix 3: World Wide Web Sites of Entomological Resources.